Every Year,World AIDS Day is Celebrated on 1st December.Established for the first time in 1988. The World Organization (WHO) and created to raise awareness and enable people around the world than this Serious Disease.
World AIDS Day Although the world’s new infections have decreased by 35% since 2000, AIDS-related deaths have been reduced by 24% and about 16 million people are receiving antiretroviral treatment, we cannot lower our guard.European data published by ECDC, report that in 2014 the 31 EU / EEA countries have reported nearly 30,000 new diagnoses of HIV, with an incidence of 5.9 cases per 100,000 people.
According to data of the Operating Aids Center (COA) Institute of Health (ISS), which publishes an annual booklet of the Newsletter dedicated to the updating of monitoring flows of new diagnoses of HIV and AIDS cases, Italy in the global landscape remains stable rate of new infections: 3,695 were newly diagnosed.
Our country appears to be in 12th place in the European Union and the incidence (the people who have discovered to be HIV positive in 2014) does not show significant changes compared to the previous three years. However, it is time to act yet, take innovative measures so that national standards of prevention and care of HIV keep pace of the most important scientific developments and the world can achieve the sustainable development objective of putting an end to the epidemic 2030.
In this perspective, the World Health Organization recently published new guidelines on the use of antiretroviral drugs for the treatment and prevention of HIV in all age groups and in all populations (Guideline on when to start antiretroviral therapy and on pre-exposure prophylaxis for HIV), Which provide two fundamental recommendations.
First, antiretroviral therapy should be started in all people living with HIV, regardless of CD4 cell count. Secondly, the use of daily oral pre-exposure prophylaxis (PEEP) is recommended for people at high risk of HIV infection, in the framework of the prevention of infection combined approaches.
The two recommendations were released in advance due to the WHO hopes that their implementation can significantly reduce the number of people contracting HIV infection and who die from causes related thereto and may, therefore, have a significant impact on global public health.
According to the World Health Organization, to make the best use of the new guidelines the States must adapt national policies, raise funds and ensure that the diagnosis and treatment of HIV and antiretroviral therapy to be readily available to those who need it, ensuring that people in treatment are supported adherence to the recommended regimens for the time necessary to achieve positive treatment results.
The NAMES Project AIDS Memorial Quilt, abbreviated as AIDS Memorial Quilt and known in Italy as a blanket of names, is a huge blanket made in memory of people who died because of ‘ AIDS. The blanket is made of fabric panels with the names of their deceased loved ones, embroidered and sewn together to form one huge blanket. Still considered the collective artistic work of the larger world. In 1989 the NAMES Project was nominated for the Nobel Peace Prize.
NAMES Project AIDS Memorial Quilt
The project was born in San Francisco in 1987 from an idea of the activist Cleve Jones. Since the beginning of the eighties there were many people who died because of ‘ AIDS, not getting funerals because of government indifference and social stigma about the disease. After losing himself his partner, Jones gathered to himself many volunteers who gave life to the project, allowing friends and family to commemorate their loved ones, creating blankets on which were imprinted thoughts and drawings. Each piece of cloth was joined to one another to form a single, large covered, as an energy message and solidarity.
From San Francisco, the project extended to other major US cities like New York and Los Angeles, bringing in the headquarters of the foundation a large number of blankets. The first and huge deck was exposed in Washington DC on 11 October 1987 in front of the White House on the occasion of the national march for gay rights. The blanket was made up of 1,920 panels of cloth and covered an area equal to two football fields.
After nearly 10 years after its creation, in October 1996 the quilt was displayed in front of the Capitol of Washington and counted 38,000 panels,Which extended once covered an area equal to 20 football fields, in which the names were written more than 70,000 people died due to AIDS. The significant increase of the panels testified the still high number of victims but also new social awareness about the disease.
Over the years, the project has expanded globally by sensitizing the people and spreading the message that the disease is not a problem that affects only certain minorities, but it is a global problem that can touch men, women, and children, without distinction from ‘ social and cultural backgrounds.
The blanket of names is formed by compounds blocks of eight blankets, each of 90×180 cm. The blankets are generally made individually by friends and relatives of the victims of AIDS. The panels, highly colored, are made with the most extreme freedom in the use of styles and materials, with the addition of the name of the deceased, and a dedication addressed and it
The techniques to create the blankets are the most varied, such as embroidery, patchwork, collage, drawing, and many other applications. Each type of material, if not even objects, can be applied to the roof;
- The materials used may be plastic, metal, leather, jeans, lace and many others.
- For decoration are used rhinestones, sequins, feathers, buttons and much more.
- Also, they apply clothing, like jackets, t-shirt, shoes, gloves.
- Many items that belonged to the dear deceased, like hair, wedding rings, brooches and more.
The theme of the blankets for World AIDS Day was tackled in the documentary Oscar winner Common Threads: Stories from the Quilt, directed and produced by Rob Epstein with the narrator Dustin Hoffman. The Symphony No. 1 by John Modigliani is inspired AIDS Memorial Quilt.
In 2005 was made the short film the blanket of names, directed by Andrew Quinn and Fabio Rossi lasting 14 minutes, presented in the “Friends, accomplices and passes” of the Festival MIX Milan.
World AIDS Day Memorial Quilt was the first of its kind, as a monument growing. It was inevitable that after the blanket is born an ever-growing number of similar projects, to raise awareness on different issues. After the attacks of 11 September: 2001 many blankets were made to commemorate the victims, while the KIA Memorial Quilt was created to commemorate the soldiers who died during the war in Iraq. Similar projects have also been created for diseases with Huntington’s disease and breast cancer.