The Name of an Unknown Virus so far in Latin America Began Circulating In 2016: Zika Virus, Also Called ZIKAV OR ZIKV.
Some Countries Reported the Detection of Zika Virus in Their Territory : Barbados, Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, El Salvador, Guadeloupe, Guatemala, Guyana, French Guiana, Haiti, Honduras, Martinique, Mexico, Panama, Paraguay, Puerto Rico, The island of San Martin, Suriname and Venezuela, according to the Pan American Health Organization.
In July 2016, Cases were also reported in the United States, specifically in the state of Florida.
WHAT IS IT?
The Zika virus is Infected By The Bite of a Mosquito and Is classified as an Arbovirus belonging to the flavivirus genus, which are those invertebrate animals such as mosquitoes and ticks transmit it to humans.
Zika is similar to dengue fever, yellow fever, West Nile virus, and Japanese encephalitis.
It is transmitted by the bite of an Aedes mosquito genus, such as the Aedes Aegypti mosquito which causes dengue.
The virus was identified in 1947 for the first time in Uganda, specifically in the forests of Zika. It was discovered in a Rhesus monkey when a study was done on the transmission of yellow fever in the jungle.
Serological tests confirmed the infection in humans in Uganda and Tanzania in 1952, but it was in 1968 that the virus was isolated with samples from people in Nigeria.
Genetic analysis has shown that there are two major lineages in the virus: the African and the Asian.
In 2007 the infection was recorded on the island of Yap, part of Micronesia in the Pacific Ocean. It was the first time the virus was detected outside its original geographical area: Africa and Asia.
Late October 2013, a Disruption began in French Polynesia, also in the Pacific, in which 10,000 cases were identified.
Of this total, approximately 70 were serious. Patients developed neurological complications, such as Meningoencephalitis, and autoimmune, such as leucopenia (decreased normal leukocyte level in the blood).
In February 2014 the Chilean authorities confirmed a case of indigenous transmission in Easter Island. It coincided with an outbreak in New Caledonia and the Cook Islands. Again in the Pacific Ocean.
Usually between 3 to 12 days. After this period, symptoms appear. However, the infection may also present asymptomatically.
According to a Study Announced in The Medical Journal, The New England, one in four people develop symptoms.
None reported any deaths that have been caused by the disease.
Most people recover and the hospitalization rate is low.
Symptom of Zika Virus
Generally, they last between four to seven days and can be confused with dengue.
In cases where the signs that reveal the disease are moderate, the person may have a fever of less than 39 ° C, headache, weakness, muscle and joint pain, inflammation that is usually concentrated in the hands and feet, conjunctivitis Not purulent, edema in the lower limbs and rash on the skin, which tends to start in the face and then spreads throughout the body.
Vomiting, diarrhea, abdominal pain, and poor appetite are less common.
Neurological and Autoimmune Complications are Remarkable So far because they were only seen in French Polynesia.
No Vaccine or Antibiotic for Zika has been Created Yet, only symptomatic management consisting rest and take paracetamol or acetaminophen for fever control.
The use of aspirin is prohibited because of the risk of bleeding.
Also, it is advisable to consume plenty of fluids to alleviate that is lost for different reasons.
Manage to itch caused by the rash, antihistamines may be used.
It is necessary to stay away from the patient for at least the first week of illness to avoid infection.
As Transmission occurs through the bite of a mosquito bednet use is recommended to be impregnated with insecticide and installation of mosquito nets if they do not have.
Repellents should be used with picaridin and clothing that covers extremities, so there is less chance of getting a bite.
The risk to the continent lies in the potential transmission of the disease, which is that mosquitoes transmitting the virus live in the region and in the population density of the same.